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The Sand Creek Massacre
Reports and Dispatches
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9.11.01
We'll never forget
MAY 1864

Eayer to Chivington – Kills Dog Soldier Chief Lean Bear

Wynkoop to Maynard – Large Cheyenne camp gathering in Fort Lyon vicinity.

Wynkoop to Maynard – Regarding Eayer report, mistakenly identifies chief killed by Eayer’s troops as Black Kettle.

Evans to Curtis – Governor urgently requests military support to defend Denver (with enclosures).

Chivington to Wynkoop – Regarding whiskey selling to Indians at Lt. Wilson’s camp.

Additional Reports:

Incident at Fremont's Orchard - Military correspondence.
Lt. George S. Eayer Campaign, April/May 1864 – collection of military correspondence leading to the killing of   
Dog Soldier Chief Lean Bear.
Wynkoop to Chivington - Wynkoop takes command of Ft. Lyon; Chivington cautions: "The Cheyennes will have to be
soundly whipped before they will be quiet."


JUNE 1864

Wynkoop to Maynard – Regarding Reynolds Gang attacking train at Cimarron Crossing.

Evans to Curtis – Continues pleas for military support.

Chivington to Curtis – “The Kiowas and Cheyennes are determined on war . . .”

Evans to Colley – Informs the Cheyenne/Arapaho Agent of first proclamation.

Wynkoop to Chivington – Report of unsuccessful hunt for Reynolds Gang.

Additional Reports:

The Hungate Massacre - Reports regarding murder of Hungate family by Arapaho warriors.
Evans to Secretary Stanton - Evans lobbies War Department for a volunteer militia to protect Denver City.
Major T.I. McKenny - Inspector General warns of troubles brewing at Fort Larned.




JULY 1864

Curtis to Halleck – “The Indian difficulties west of this point are serious . . .”

Curtis to Halleck – Indian depredations at Saline, KS.



AUGUST 1864

Halleck to Evans – Difficulties in procuring horses to mount a volunteer militia.

Curtis to Halleck – Curtis unsuccessful in hunting Indian war parties.

Wynkoop to Chivington – Troubles with Satanta’s Kiowa war party raids on the Arkansas.

Curtis to Halleck – Northern war parties strike on the Little Blue near Ft. Kearney, Nebraska.

Wynkoop to Chivington – Troubles with Kiowas and Arapahos near Sand Creek; reports from Wynkoop’s command
regarding fights.

Colley to Evans – “It looks at present as though we shall have to fight them all . . .”

Chivington to Curtis – Indians have appeared near Denver.

Halleck to Curtis – Overland mail line needs more protection.

Mitchell to Halleck – “I am raising militia as fast as I can . . .”

Curtis to Halleck – Action being taken to stop war parties in Nebraska.

Reports to Chivington – regarding hostile Indian attacks in Fort Lyon vicinity.

Curtis to Halleck – Fight with Cheyennes on the Republican.

Evans to Stanton – “It is impossible to exaggerate our danger . . .”

Evans & Chivington to Stanton – “Unlimited information of contemplated attack by a large body of Indians . . .”

Curtis to Halleck – “Some fifty murders have been committed by Indians on this line . . .”

Additional Reports:

Evans to Stanton and Dole - Continues plea for military assistance.
Chivington to Curtis - Requests permission to execute Reynolds Gang.



SEPTEMBER 1864

Evans to Stanton – “Pray give positive orders for our second Colorado cavalry to come out . . .”

Evans to Chivington – Proposition of peace received from Black Kettle.  Enclosure from Colley describing One Eye’
s meeting with Wynkoop.

Curtis to Halleck – Curtis still unsuccessful in engaging Indian war parties.

Wynkoop to Blunt – Smoky Hill Council with Black Kettle and other chiefs.

Evans to Colley – Response to Colley regarding Wynkoop’s Smoky Hill expedition.

Curtis to Halleck – Describes difficulties in separating friendly from hostile Indian bands.

Chivington to Stanton – Requests permission to intercept New Mexico supply train for purpose of outfitting the new
Colorado militia.

Halleck to Chivington – Denies Chivington request to divert New Mexico train.

Chivington to Halleck – Attempts to persuade Halleck to change his mind.

Halleck to Chivington – Denies request.

Halleck to Curtis – Urges Curtis to keep 2nd Colorado cavalry near Kansas City.

Chivington to Curtis – Wynkoop bringing Black Kettle to Denver.  Requests Curtis to refrain from making peace.

Curtis to Halleck – “My main dependence must be in militia . . .”

Evans to Curtis – Report of Weld Council.

Evans to Colley – Report of Weld Council – “I have declined to make any treaty with them, lest it might embarrass
the military operations against the hostile Indians of the plains . . .”



OCTOBER 1864

Curtis to Halleck – Blunt’s fight with Arapahos.

Halleck to Connor – “Give all the protection in your power to the overland route between you and Fort Kearney,
without regard to department lines . . .”

Additional Reports:

Attorney Samuel E. Browne - To General Curtis regarding killing of Reynolds prisoners.
Captain David Nichols - Reports to Colonel Chivington regarding attack on Dog Soldier Big Wolf's camp.



NOVEMBER 1864

Curtis/Henning: Special Orders – Major Wynkoop is relieved of duty at Fort Lyon.  Major Anthony ordered to assume
command.

Anthony to Henning – Report from Fort Lyon.

Cramer to Wynkoop – “Having learned with regret that you have been relieved and ordered to Fort Leavenworth . . .”

Endorsement of Cramer’s letter to Wynkoop

Anthony endorses Cramer’s letter

Citizens of Arkansas Valley endorse Wynkoop

Chivington – First report of attack at Sand Creek

Additional Reports:

Chivington dispatch printed in the Rocky Mountain News after the attack at Sand Creek.



DECEMBER 1864

Curtis to Halleck – “Indian troubles now demand all my force, and large numbers are crowding into Fort Lyon as
prisoners of war . . .”

Curtis to Henning -  “The treaty operations at Lyon greatly embarrass matters, and I hope you have disposed of
Major Wynkoop and directed a change for the better . . .”

Curtis to Halleck – Reports that Chivington killed over 400 at Sand Creek.

Chivington to Curtis – Official Sand Creek report: “Between five and six hundred Indians were left dead upon the
field . . .”   “Of the conduct of the two battalions of the 1st regiment I have but to remark that they sustained their
reputation as second to none . . .”

Curtis to Halleck – “There is so much political and personal strife in our service, it is almost impossible to get an
honest, impartial determination of facts . . .”

Ford Special Order – Major Wynkoop order to return to Fort Lyon. .”Maj. E. W. Wynkoop, upon his arrival at Fort Lyon,
will make a thorough investigation of the recent operations against the Indians in that part of the District of Upper
Arkansas . . .”

Additional Reports:

Reports of Chivington's Officers - after the attack at Sand Creek
Rocky Mountain News Editorials - regarding the attack at Sand Creek:  "Among the killed were all the Cheyenne
chiefs, Black Kettle, White Antelope, Little Robe, Left Hand, Knock Knee, One Eye, and another, name unknown.
Not a single prominent man of the tribe remains, and the tribe itself is almost annihilated..."



JANUARY 1865

Halleck to Curtis – “Statements from respectable sources have been received here that the conduct of Colonel
Chivington's command towards the friendly Indians has been a series of outrages calculated to make them all
hostile . . .”

War Department – Letter from J.B. Chaffee suggests increased Indian hostilities have been  “incited mainly by the
recent attack of Colonel Chivington at Fort Lyons (sic) . . .”

Curtis to Halleck – “Your despatch (sic) of yesterday, directing me to investigate Colonel Chivington's conduct
towards the Indians, is received, and will be obeyed . . .”

Affidavit of John Smith regarding Sand Creek attack

Wynkoop to Ford – Report of investigation into Chivington’s attack at Sand Creek

Curtis to Evans – Defends his actions related to the Indian troubles of 1864

Curtis to Halleck – regarding Evans’ accusations


FEBRUARY 1865

Moonlight to Tappan – Instructions regarding investigation into Sand Creek Massacre
INDEX TO KEY WAR OF THE REBELLION RECORDS
PERTAINING TO THE SAND CREEK MASSACRE
Click on date to view all reports listed for that month, or click on underlined report for excerpt.
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1863 Reports
November 10, 1863 - Governor Evans to Commissioner Dole - Rumors of an Indian confederacy spreading.
November 24, 1863 - Major Anthony from Fort Lyon re conditions - "The Indians are all very destitute this season..."
1864-1865 Reports
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“War of the Rebellion” - United States War Dept.  The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the
Union and Confederate Armies.
 Four series, 128 volumes.  Washington: Government Printing Office. 1880-1901

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Go to
Rebellion Records General Index for additional excerpts pertaining to the Sand Creek Massacre.