The Sand Creek Massacre
Bibliography - Government Documents, Papers, Articles, Manuscripts
|Selected reading related to Sand Creek, the participants, the culture, and the times . . .
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Manuscripts, Articles, Letters, Collections, Films
Adams, Blanche V. The Second Colorado Cavalry in the Civil War. Colorado Magazine, Vol. VIII, May 1931.
Anderson, Robert. The Buffalo Men, A Cheyenne Ceremony of Petition Deriving from the Sutaio. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 12,
no. 1, Spring 1956.
Anderson, Harry H. Stand at Arikaree. Colorado Magazine 41, Fall 1964.
Anthony, Scott J. Papers of Scott J. Anthony 1830-1903. Library, Colorado State Historical Society.
Ashley, Susan R. Reminicenses in the Early Sixties. Colorado Magazine 8, 1936.
Bancroft, Hubert H. Hubert H. Bancroft Collection. University of Colorado Library, Western History Collections.
Barry, Louise. The Ranch at the Great Bend. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1973.
___________ The Ranch at Little Arkansas Crossing. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1972.
___________ The Ranch at Cimarron Crossing. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1973.
___________ The Ranch at Cow Creek Crossing. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1972.
Bennett, William Charles, Jr. Reminiscences of Edward W. Wynkoop 1856 -1858. Heritage of Kansas, XI, No. 3, 1978. (Special thanks to
___________ Edward W. Wynkoop, Frontiersman, 1856-69. MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History, Vol. 14, Is. 2, 2002.
Bent, Charles. The Charles Bent Papers. New Mexico Historical Review 30, no. 2, April 1955.
Bent, George. Papers, Manuscript 1904-1918. Western History/Genealogy Department, Denver Public Library.
___________ Letters to George E. Hyde – MS XXI, Colorado State Historical Society, Denver, CO.
___________ Three Letters to Colonel Tappan – Feb. 3, 1869; March 25, 1889; April 16, 1889. Colorado State Historical Society, Denver,
___________ Letters. New Haven, CT: Yale University Collection of Western Americana, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
___________ Forty Years With the Cheyennes. ed. George E. Hyde, The Frontier. October 1905 – February 1906.
Bent, William. Nine letters to A. M. Robinson, Jan. 1859 - Feb. 1860. Relative to the Upper Arkansas Agency. Records of the Bureau of
Indian Affairs, National Archives, Washington D.C.
Black Kettle. Letter to Agent Samuel Colley and Major Edward Wynkoop. Aug, 1864
Blackmar, Frank W. ed. The Rescue of John Doy. Excerpt from Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions,
industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc. Chicago: Standard Publishing Co., 1912.
Blake, Henry. Henry Blake Diary. University of Colorado Library, Carnegie Branch.
Blunt, James G. General Blunt's Account of His Civil War Experiences. Kansas State Historical Collections, No. 3, May 1932.
Broome, Jeff. Indian Massacres in Elbert County, Colorado: New Information on the 1864 Hungate and 1868 Dietemann Murders
Denver Westerners Roundup, VOL. LX, No. 1, January-February 2004.
________ Death at Summit Springs: Susanna Alderdice and the Cheyennes. Wild West, October 2003.
________ Collateral Damage: Sand Creek and the Fletcher Family Indian Captivity Story Denver Westerners Roundup, VOL LXX, No. 5,
Brown, John. John Brown Papers, 1826 – 1948. Kansas State Historical Society.
Burkey, Elmer R. The Site of the Murder of the Hungate Family by Indians in 1864. Colorado Magazine 12, no. 4, July 1935.
Burlington Weekly Hawk Eye (Burlington, Iowa) - List of killed and wounded in the engagement of November 29th 1864,
on Big Sandy Creek, Colorado Territory. (Special thanks to Al and Donna Rothe.)
Campbell, W.S. The Cheyenne Dog Soldier. Chronicles of Oklahoma, 11, January 1921.
Carey, Raymond G. The Puzzle of Sand Creek. The Colorado Magazine, Vol. XLI. No. 4. 1964.
_________ Collection. Penrose Library, University of Denver, Denver, CO.
_________ Colonel Chivington, Brigadier General Connor, and Sand Creek. Denver Westerners Brand Book. Vol. XLI. Denver, CO, 1960.
_________ The Bloodless Third Regiment. Colorado Magazine, Vol 38, No.4, 1961.
Case, Frank M. Experiences on the Platte River Route in the Sixties. Colorado Magazine, August 1928.
Cheetham, Francis T. The Early Settlements of Southern Colorado. Colorado Magazine, February 1928.
Chivington, John M. The First Colorado Regiment . Denver, Colorado, October 18, 1884. Colorado State Historical Society, Denver, CO.
________ Papers, Manuscript of John M. Chivington 1862-1892. Western History/Genealogy Department, Denver Public Library.
________ The Pet Lambs. Denver Republican, April 20-May 18, 1890. Denver Public Library
Clark, Olive A. Early Days Along the Solomon Valley. Collections of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1926-28.
Clarke, Charles E. The Chivington Massacre, A Participant in the Battle Denies That It was a Massacre. Colorado Miner, Georgetown, Clear
Creek County, Colorado, Saturday, 14 October, 1876, Page 1. (Special thanks to Christopher Wynkoop)
Cobb, Frank M. The Lawrence Party of Gold Seekers. Colorado Magazine 10, no. 5, September 1933.
Coberly, Carroll H. Carroll H. Coberly Papers (MSS #125). Colorado State Historical Society.
Collings, Ellsworth. Roman Nose: Chief of the Cheyenne. The Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. 42, No. 4, 1964-65.
Connelley, William E. The Treaty Held at Medicine Lodge. Kansas Historical Collections 17, Winter 1926-1927.
Cox, C. Jefferson. Summit Springs. Denver: Denver Westerner’s Roundup, Vol. 26, No. 3, March 1970.
Craig, Reginald S. Tall Bull’s Last Fight. Denver: Denver Westerner’s Roundup, April 1968.
Cramer, Joseph A. Letter to Major E.W. Wynkoop, December 19, 1864. Rocky Mountain News. “Sins of Sand Creek,” September 15, 2000.
Davis, Theodore. A Summer on the Plains. Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 36, No. 18, 1868.
Dawson, Thomas F. Dawson Scrapbooks. Colorado State Historical Society, Denver, CO.
________ Colonel Boone’s Treaty with the Plains Indians. The Trail, Vol. XIV, July 1921.
Dawson, William F. Ordinance Artifacts at the Sand Creek Massacre Site: A Technical and Historical Report. Unpublished, 1999.
Click link to National Parks Service Index, find article under "O" and download - NOTE: PDF file, Adobe Acrobat required.
Denver Daily News. The Latest From Ft. Lyon, December 12, 1864. List of killed and wounded soldiers at Sand Creek.
Dormis, John T. ed. The Chivingtons. Masonic News-Digest 36, June 28, 1957.
Dorsey, George A. The Cheyennes: The Sun Dance. Field Columbian Museum Pub. no. 103, Anthropological Series 9, no. 2, Chicago
1905. FIELD MUSEUM MAIN LIB. GN558.C53 D66 1971
________ The Cheyenne, Ceremonial Organization. Field Columbian Museum Pub. no. 99, Anthropological Series 9, no. 1, Chicago 1905.
Ediger, Theodore A. Some Remembrances of the Battle of the Washita. Chronicles of Oklahoma 33, Summer 1955.
Ellenbecker, John G. Oak Grove Massacre, (Oak, Nebraska), Indian Raids on the Little Blue River in 1864. Marysville, KS: Marysville
Advocate-Democrat, 1927. (Special thanks to Christopher Wynkoop).
Ellis, Elmer. Colorado’s First Fight for Statehood, 1865-1868. Colorado Magazine, Vol. VIII, January 1931.
Englert, Kenneth E. Raids by Reynolds. 1956 Brand Book of The Denver Westerners. Boulder, CO, Johnson Publishing Co., 1957.
Ewbanks, Lucinda. Statement - regarding her captivity among the Cheyenne Indians. Rocky Mountain News, September 13, 1865, (Special
thanks to Chris Wynkoop.)
Evans, John. Collection, Indian Affairs. Colorado Division of State Archives and Public Records.
Field, Matthew C. Sketches of Big Timbers, Bent’s Fort, and Milk Fort 1839. Colorado Magazine, May 1937.
Filipiak, Jack D. The Battle of Summit Springs. Denver: The Colorado Magazine, Vol. XLI, No. 4, 1964,
Fisher, John R. The Royal and Duncan Pursuits: Aftermath of the Battle of Summit Springs. Nebraska History, Vol. 50, No. 3, Fall 1969.
Flynn, Arthur. J. Creating a Commonwealth. Colorado Magazine, Vol. I, July 1924.
________ Furs and Forts of the Rocky Mountain West. Colorado Magazine, March 1932.
Foreman, Carolyn T. Col. Jesse H. Leavenworth. Chronicles of Oklahoma. 13, 1935.
Gage, Duane. Black Kettle: A Nobel Savage? The Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. 45, No. 3, 1967.
Garfield, Marvin H. The Military Post as a Factor in the Frontier Defense of Kansas. Kansas Historical Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 1, Nov. 1931.
________ Defense of the Kansas Frontier, 1864-1865. Kansas Historical Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 2, February 1932.
________ Defense of the Kansas Frontier, 1866-1867. Kansas Historical Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 4, August 1932.
________ Defense of the Kansas Frontier, 1868-1869. Kansas Historical Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 5, November 1932.
________ The Indian Question in Congress and in Kansas. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1933.
Godfrey, General Edward S. Medicine Lodge Treaty 60 Years Ago. Winners of the West, no. 6, March 30, 1929.
Goertner, Thomas G. Reflections of a Frontier Soldier – The Sand Creek Affair as revealed in the Diary of Samuel F. Tappan. Thesis
presented to University of Denver, 1959.
Gower, Calvin W. Gold Fever in Kansas Territory: Migration to the Pike's Peak Gold Fields, 1858 -1860. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1973.
________ The Pike's Peak Gold Rush and the Smoky Hill Route, 1859 -1860. Kansas Historical Quarterly, Summer 1959.
Green, James. Incidents of the Indian Outbreak of 1864. Publications of the Nebraska State Historical Society 19, 1919.
Grinnell, George Bird. George Bird Grinnell Papers. Southwest Museum Library, Los Angeles, CA.
________ The Cheyenne Medicine Lodge. American Anthropologist 16, no. 2, April-June 1914.
________ Coup and Scalp among the Plains Indians. American Anthropologist 12, no. 2, April-June 1910.
________ Early Cheyenne Villages. American Anthropologist 20, no. 4, October-December 1918.
________ Great Mysteries of the Cheyenne. American Anthropologist 21, no. 4, October-December 1910.
________ Social Organizations of the Cheyennes. International Congress of Americanists, 13th sess. New York, 1902, Easton, PA, 1902.
________ Some Early Cheyenne Tales. Journal of American Folklore 10-21, nos. 78 & 82, July-September 1907, October-December 1908.
________ Bent’s Old Fort and Its Builders. Reprint from a chapter in Beyond the Old Frontier. NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1913.
Hadley, C. B. The Plains War in 1865. Proceedings and Collections of the Nebraska State Historical Society, 2nd Series.
Hafen, LeRoy R. When Was Bent’s Fort Built? Colorado Magazine 31, no. 2, April 1954.
________ The Last Years of James P. Beckwourth. Colorado Magazine, Vol. V, August 1928.
________ The W. M. Boggs Manuscript About Bent’s Fort, Kit Carson, and the Far West and Life Among the Indians. Colorado Magazine,
Vol. VII, March 1930.
________ The Early Fur Trade Posts of the South Platte. Mississippi Valley Historical Review, December 1925.
________ Colorado Mountain Men. Colorado Magazine, January 1953.
________ Lewis Ledyard Weld, and Old Camp Weld. Colorado Magazine, v. 19 November, 1942.
Hagerty, Leroy W. Indian Raids Along the Platte and Little Blue Rivers, 1864-1865. Nebraska History 28, no. 4, October-December 1947.
Halaas, David Fridtjof. All the Camp was Weeping: George Bent and the Sand Creek Massacre. Colorado Heritage, Summer 1995.
________ America’s Blurred Vision: A Review Essay on Indian-White Histories. Colorado Heritage 3, 1983.
________ Worlds Apart: Indians and Whites in Nineteenth-Century Colorado. Denver: Colorado Historical Society, 1984.
Hall, J. N. Colorado’s Indian Troubles as I View Them. Denver: The Colorado Magazine, Vol. XV, No. 4, July 1938.
Harrison, Emily Haines. Reminiscences of Early Days in Ottawa County. Kansas State Historical Collections, Vol. 10, 1907-1908.
Harvey, James R. interview with Elizabeth J. Tallman. Pioneer Experiences in Colorado. Colorado Magazine, Vol. XIII, July 1936.
Hickman, Russell K. A Little Satire on Emigrant Aid - Amasa Soule and the Descandum Kansas Improvement Company. Kansas State
Historical Quarterly, November, 1939 Vol. 8, No. 4.
Hill, Nathaniel. Nathaniel Hill Inspects Colorado Letters Written in 1864. Colorado Magazine, Vol. XXXIV, January 1957.
Hodder, Haile Riley. Crossing the Plains in War Times. Colorado Magazine, July 1933.
Hoopes, Alban W. Thomas S. Twiss, Indian Agent on the Upper Platte, 1855-1861. Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 20, 1933-34.
Hornbeck, Lewis N. The Battle of the Washita. Sturm’s Oklahoma Magazine 5, no. 5, January 1908.
Howbert, Irving. Irving Howbert Manuscript Collection. Colorado College Tutt Library Special Collections and Archives.
________ Howbert Family Collection. Pioneer Museum of Colorado Springs, Starsmore Research Center.
Hoyt, A. W. Over the Plains to Colorado. Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, June 1867.
Hull, Myra E. ed. Soldiering on the High Plains: The Diary of Lewis Byram Hull, 1864-66. Kansas Historical Quarterly, February 1938.
Hundall, Mary Powers. Early History of Bent County. Colorado Magazine, Vol. XXII, November 1945.
Isern, Thomas D. The Controversial Career of Edward W. Wynkoop. Colorado Magazine 56, Winter-Spring 1979. (Special thanks to
Justus, Judith P. The Saga of Clara Blinn and the Battle of the Washita. Journal of the Little Big Horn Associates, Vol. 14, No. 1, Winter
Kansas Historical Quarterly. Topics in Kansas History: War Essay on the Plains Wars.
Keeling, Henry C. My Experiences with the Cheyenne Indians. Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. 3, No. 1, April 1925.
Kelsey, Harry. Background to Sand Creek. Colorado Magazine 45, no. 4, Fall 1968.
Kingman, Samuel A. Diary of Samuel A. Kingman at Indian Treaty in 1865. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1932.
Kirwin, John S. Patrolling the Santa Fe Trail: Reminiscences of John S. Kirwin. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1955.
Kraft Louis. Edward Wynkoop: A Forgotten Hero. Research Review: The Journal of the Little Bighorn Associates 1, June 1987.
_________ Ned Wynkoop & Black Kettle. The Journal of the Little Bighorn Associates.
_________ Ned Wynkoop's Early Years on the Frontier. Research Review: Journal of the Little Big Horn Associates v 6, No. 1, Jan. 1992.
_________ Ned Wynkoop and the Explosion on Pawnee Fork. Military Heritage, Volume 2, No. 1, August 2000.
_________ Between the Army and the Cheyennes. MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History, Volume 14, No. 2, Winter 2002.
Kroeber, A.L. Cheyenne Tales. Journal of American Folklore 13, no. 50, July-September 1900.
Lambert, Julia S. Plain Tales of the Plains. The Trail, January-September 1916.
Lecompte, Janet. Sand Creek. The Colorado Magazine. Vol. XLI. No. 4. 1964.
________ Charles Autobees. Colorado Magazine, Vol. XXXVI, July 1959.
Lubers, H.L. William Bent’s Family and the Indians of the Plains. Colorado Magazine 13, January 1936.
Mardock, Robert. The Plains Frontier and the Indian Peace Policy, 1865-1880. Nebraska History 49, Summer 1968.
Marlatt, Gene Ronald. Edward W. Wynkoop, An Investigation of His Role in the Sand Creek Controversy and Other Indian Affairs, 1863-
1868. M.A. Thesis, University of Denver, (1961) Denver Public Library; Colorado Historical Society; University of Denver, Penrose Library.
Mead, James R. The Little Arkansas. Kansas State Historical Society Collections, X, 1907-08.
Mellor, William J. The Military Investigation of Col. John M. Chivington Following the Sand Creek Massacre. Chronicles of Oklahoma 16,
no. 4, 1938.
Michno, Gregory F. The Real Villains of Sand Creek. Wild West, December 2003.
________ Cheyenne Chief Black Kettle Wild West, December 2005.
Milavec, Pam. Alias Emma S. Soule: Corrected Historical Fictions Surrounding Silas Soule and the Sand Creek Massacre. Denver: Denver
Westerners Roundup, July-August, 2005.
Morse, O. E. An Attempted Rescue of John Brown from Charlestown, VA Jail. Kansas State Historical Society, Vol. VIII, 1902-1904.
Mumey, Nolie. John Milton Chivington, the Misunderstood Man. 1956 Brand Book of the Denver Westerners.
Myers, J. Jay. The Sand Creek Massacre. Wild West, December 1998.
National Archives. U.S. v. Charles W. Squier, First Judicial District, United States District Court, Case No. 104, Records of the District
Court, Colorado Territory, RG 21, Denver Federal Records Center, National Archives.
Nichols, David H. Papers. University of Colorado Library, Western History Collections.
North, L. H. My Military Experiences in Colorado. Colorado Magazine, March 1934.
Northwestern University. John Evans Study Committee Report examines John Evans' role in the Sand Creek Massacre, May 2014. Online
report .pdf file requires Adobe Reader. See also University of Denver for similar study. More information on the Committee
Orahood, Harper A. Papers. University of Colorado Library, Western History Collections.
Peck, Robert M. Recollections of Early Times in Kansas Territory. Kansas Historical Collections 8, 1903-1904.
Perkins, LaVonne. Silas Soule, His Widow Heresa (sic), and the Rest of the Story. Denver: Denver Westerners Roundup, Vol LV, no.2, Mar-
Perrigo, Lynn I., ed. Major Hal Sayre’s Diary of the Sand Creek Campaign. Colorado Magazine 15, 1938.
Peterson, Karen D. Cheyenne Soldier Societies. Plains Anthropologist 9, no. 25, 1964.
Pierce, James H. The First Prospecting in Colorado. The Trail 7, no. 5, October 1914.
________ With the Green-Russell Party. The Trail 13, no. 12, May 1921.
Prentice, C. A. Captain Silas S. Soule, a Pioneer Martyr. Denver: Colorado Magazine, vol.4 May, 1927; reprint November/December 1935.
Pyle, L. Robert. Cheyenne Chief Tall Bull. Wild West, Vol. 15, No. 1, April, 2002.
Reckmeyer, Clarence. The Battle of Summit Springs. Denver: The Colorado Magazine, Vol. VI, No. 6, 1929.
Rees, D.S. An Indian Fight on the Solomon. Kansas State Historical Collections, Vol. 7, 1901-1902.
Robinson, Charles M. III Kiowa Chief Satanta Wild West, August 1999.
Rocky Mountain News (weekly-daily)
________ Two Articles:
Appeal to the People, authorizing the organization of civilian militias, under the rules of militia law, to fight hostile Indian bands.
August 10, 1864.
Proclamation – After receiving approval from the War Department, Governor John Evans calls for volunteers to join the Colorado Third
Regiment to fight Indians for a period of 100 days. August 13, 1864.
________ To Fight Indians – Rocky Mountain News editorial urges Colorado citizens to form militias at the request of Governor Evans; to
organize under the rules of militia law, and fight hostile Indian bands. August 10, 1864.
________ The Reynolds Band – Editorial defends the killing of five members of the notorious James Reynolds Gang by Colorado soldiers.
September 9, 1864.
________ Rocky Mountain News Editorials After the Sand Creek Massacre, including:
The Battle of Sand Creek – praises the Colorado third regiment. December 17, 1864.
The Third – 3rd Regiment soldiers not paid for their service at Sand Creek. December 29, 1864.
The Fort Lyon Affair – Indignation over criticism of the Sand Creek attack. December 30, 1864.
Its Effect – The consequences of a congressional investigation. December 31, 1864.
________ Arrival of the Third Regiment - Grand March Through Town - Details Third Regiment return to Denver after the Sand Creek
Massacre. December 22, 1864.
________ High Officials Checkmated – Letter to editor criticizes “High Officials” rumored to be pushing for an investigation into the Sand
Creek Massacre. January 4, 1865.
________ The Homicide Last Night. Report of the murder of Captain Silas S. Soule, April 24, 1865 p. 2 c. 1.
________ Captain Soule’s Funeral. Obituary of Captain Silas S. Soule, April 27, 1865 p.2 c.1.
________ He Kept The Faith - Obituary of Colonel John M. Chivington. October 8, 1894.
________ Scenes at Sand Creek - Interview of Captain John McCannon in 1881, detailing his experiences and opinions regarding the
Sand Creek Massacre. January 26, 1881.
________ Sins of Sand Creek The recent discovery of two letters written by Captain Silas Soule and Lt. Joseph Cramer, to Major Edward
Wynkoop, detailing their experiences at the Sand Creek Massacre. September 15, 2000.
Rocky Mountain PBS. Video documentary: Tears in the Sand. "Rocky Mountain Legacy."
________ Video Documentary: Colorado Experience: Sand Creek Massacre
Root, George A. Extracts from Diary of Captain Lambert Wolf. Kansas State Historical Quarterly, Vol. I, 1931-31.
Sanford, Albert B. Life at Camp Weld and Fort Lyon in 1861-62. Colorado Magazine 7, May 1930.
Sayre, Hal. Papers. University of Colorado Library, Western History Collections.
Schlesinger, Sigmund. The Beecher Island Fight. Collections of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1919-1922, Vol. XV, 1923.
Seabrook, S.L. Expedition of Col. V.E. Sumner Against the Cheyenne Indians, 1857. Kansas Historical Collections 16, 1923-1925.
Sheridan, Phillip H. Papers. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington D.C.
Shields, Lillian. Relations with the Cheyennes and Arapahos in Colorado to 1861. Colorado Magazine, August 1927.
Sievers, Michael A. Sands of Sand Creek Historiography. The Colorado Magazine, Vol. XLIX. 1972.
Smiley, Jerome C. ed., History of Denver: With Outlines of the Earlier History of the Rocky Mountain Country, Denver. The Denver Times,
The Times-Sun Publishing Company, 1901.
Sorenson, Alfred. General Carr’s Campaign – The Battle of Summit Springs. Manuscript Collections, Kansas State Historical Society.
Soule, Hersa. Letter to Annie J. Soule, August 6, 1865. From the private materials of Byron Strom, Anne E. Hemphill Collection.
Soule, Silas S. The Letters of Silas S. Soule – Recounting His Experiences in the Colorado Territory - 1861-1865. Western
History/Genealogy Department, Denver Public Library. Excerpts: Two letters to Sophia Soule (mother) regarding the Sand Creek Massacre.
________ Letter to Major E.W. Wynkoop, December 14, 1864. Rocky Mountain News. “Sins of Sand Creek,” September 15, 2000.
Sparks, Col. Ray G. Tall Bull’s Captives. Trail Guide of the Kansas City Westerners, Vol. VII, No. 1, March 1962.
Spring, Agnes Wright. Cheyenne Girl and White Man’s Ways. Frontier Times, Vol. 44. No. 5. Western Publications, Inc. Austin, TX. 1970.
Stanley, Henry M. A British Journalist Reports on the Medicine Lodge Peace Councils of 1867. Kansas State Historical Quarterly, Vol. 33,
No. 3, 1967.
Stuart, J.E.B. Dairy. Microfilm, Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, KS.
Tappan, Samuel F. Unpublished Autobiography. Topeka, KS: Kansas State Historical Society.
________ Diary. Microfilm, Colorado State Historical Society, Denver, CO.
Taylor, Alfred A. The Medicine Lodge Peace Council. Chronicles of Oklahoma 2, no. 2, June 1924.
Taylor, Morris F. The Mail Station and the Military at Camp on Pawnee Fork, 1859 -1860. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1970.
Templeton, Andrew J. Papers. Pioneer Museum of Colorado Springs, Starsmore Research Center.
University of Denver John Evans Study Report. Examines John Evans' role in the Sand Creek Massacre, November 2014. Online report
pdf file requires Adobe Reader. See also Northwestern University for similar study. More about the DU study.
Unrau, William E. The Story of Fort Larned. Kansas Historical Quarterly 23, no. 3, August 1957.
Vasicek, Donald L. The Sand Creek Massacre. Film documentary. Winner: 2005 American Indian Film Festival Documentary Short Film
Competition; 2005 IndiGathering Documentary Short Film Competition.
Watson, Elmo Scott. The Battle of Summit Springs. Chicago Westerners Brand Book, Vol. VII, No. 7, September 1950.
Wellman, I. Some Famous Kansas Frontier Scouts. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1932.
Welty, Raymond L. Supplying the Frontier Military Posts. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1938.
_________ The Policing of the Frontier by the Army, 1860-1870. Kansas Historical Quarterly, 1938.
White, Lonnie J. Indian Raids on the Kansas Frontier, 1969. Kansas Historical Quarterly, No. 4, Winter, 1972.
________ White Women Captives of the Southern Plains Indians. Journal of the West, Vol. III, No. 3, July 1969.
________ The Battle of Beecher Island: The Scouts Hold Fast on the Arickaree. Journal of the West 5, January 1966.
________ From Bloodless to Bloody: The Third Colorado Cavalry and the Sand Creek Massacre. Journal of the West 5, 1967.
Wilson, Hill P. Black Kettle’s Last Raid – 1868. Kansas State Historical Collections, Vol. 8, 1903-1904.
Woodward, Arthur. Sidelights on Bent’s Old Fort. Colorado Magazine, October 1956.
Woodward, George A. Experiences with the Cheyenne Indians. A Monthly Review of Military and Naval Affairs, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1968.
Wright, Arthur A. Colonel John P. Slough and the New Mexico Campaign. Colorado Magazine 39, 1962.
Wynkoop, Christopher H. Edward Wanshaer Wynkoop. Extensive online collection of information about Major Wynkoop's life and his
experiences both before and after Sand Creek. The Wynkoop entries below are a few samples of the larger collection that includes
manuscripts, newspaper articles and personal recollections.
Wynkoop, Edward Estill. Edward Wanshaer Wynkoop. Collections of the Kansas State Historical Society 13, 1913-1914.
Wynkoop, Edward Wanshaer. Wynkoop’s Unfinished Manuscript. Colorado State Historical Society, Denver, CO. See also, Tall Chief: The
Autobiography of Edward W. Wynkoop - amazon.com offering on left sidebar of this web page.
________ The Battle of the Washita: An Indian Agent's View. Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. 36, No. 4, Winter, 1958-1959.
Wynkoop, Frank Murray. Data Concerning Col. Edward W. Wynkoop. Colorado College Tutt Library Special Collections and Archives.
________ Intimate Notes Relative to the Career of Colonel Edward Wynkoop. Museum of New Mexico History.
________ Reminiscences of Frank Murray Wynkoop. Colorado Historical Society, Edward W. Wynkoop Papers, Mss 695, FF 5, December
Zwink, Timothy A. E. W. Wynkoop and the Bluff Creek Council, 1866. Kansas Historical Quarterly, No. 2, Winter, 1977.
We'll never forget
“War of the Rebellion” - United States War Dept. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and
Confederate Armies. Four series, 128 volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1880-1901
Rebellion Records Pertaining to the Sand Creek Massacre - Indexed
Complete online text of the Official Records - Cornell University
Complete online text of the Official Records - Ohio State University
“Sand Creek Massacre” – United States Congress, Senate. Report of the Secretary of War, Sand Creek Massacre, Sen. Exec. Doc. No. 26,
39 Cong., 2 sess. Washington, Government Printing Office, 1867
“Massacre of the Cheyenne Indians” - United States Congress, House of Representatives Joint Committee Report on the Conduct of the
War, 38 Cong., 2 sess., Washington, Government Printing Office, 1865.
United States Congress, Senate. Indian Affairs, Laws and Treaties. Vol. II. Sen. Exec. Doc. 319, 58 Cong., 2 sess. Edited by C.J.
Kappler. Washington. Government Printing Office., 1904.
Congressional Globe, 38 Cong., 2 sess. Washington. Office of John C. Rives, 1865.
United States Interior Department. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs for the years 1851 through
1865 (separate volumes for each year). Washington. Government Printing Office, 1852-66.
“The Chivington Massacre” – United States Congress, Senate. Reports of the Committees, 39 Cong., 2 sess. Washington Government
Printing Office, 1867.
Reports and Dispatches - Official transcripts of communications relating to Sand Creek, from May 1864 to February 1865. Indexed.
Incident at Fremont’s Orchard, April 1864 – Collection of military dispatches and reports regarding the first major outbreak of
Cheyenne/Army hostilities in Colorado.
Lt. George S. Eayer Campaign, April/May 1864 – collection of military correspondence leading to the killing of Dog Soldier Chief Lean Bear.
The Hungate Massacre, June 11, 1864 - Information regarding the murder of Nathan Ward Hungate family by Arapaho warriors near
present-day Elizabeth, Colorado. A recent article by Dr. Jeff Broome provides new information on the murders.
First Proclamation issued by Governor John Evans, June 27, 1864 (War of the Rebellion, pp. 963-64)
Second Proclamation issued by Governor John Evans, August 11, 1864 (Massacre of the Cheyenne Indians, p. 47)
Black Kettle's Letter to Agent Samuel Colley and Major Edward Wynkoop, August 29, 1864
Major Wynkoop meets Black Kettle - Report on the Smoky Hill Council.
Camp Weld Council - Daily Rocky Mountain News, (Sept. 13, 1865) vol. 6, No. 16, p. 2.
Reports of Colonel John M. Chivington - Dispatched following the attack at Sand Creek.
Reports of Chivington's officers - Dispatched following the Sand Creek attack.
Editorial articles from the Rocky Mountain News - Published after the Sand Creek attack.
Major Wynkoop Report - Investigation into Chivington's attack at Sand Creek.
“Chivington Testimony” - Interrogatories propounded to John M. Chivington by the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, and
answers thereto given by said Chivington reduced to writing and subscribed and sworn to before Alexander W. Atkins, notary public, at
Denver, in the Territory of Colorado. (Excerpt from “Massacre of the Cheyenne Indians,” pp. 101-108.)
John Evans' reply to the Committee on the Conduct of the War (The Chivington Massacre, pp 77-87)
To the People of Colorado – Defense of Sand Creek Massacre by John M. Chivington, June 1865.
Report to the President by the Indian Peace Commission - January 7, 1868
Colorado Cavalry First Regiment - Roster of soldiers
Colorado Cavalry Third Regiment - Roster of soldiers
American State Papers. Military Affairs, vol. 6. Washington D.C.
Annual Reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs 1851-1869. Washington D.C.
Annual Reports of the Secretary of the Interior, 1856-1868. Washington D.C.
Annual Reports of the Secretary of War 1861-1870. Washington D.C.
Upper Arkansas Agency. Letters. Department of the Missouri, National Archives, Washington D.C.
Condition of the Indian Tribes. Report of the Joint Special Committee of Congress, Washington DC, 1867.
Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency Files. Oklahoma State Historical Society.
Testimony Taken by a Select Committee of the Senate Concerning the Removal of the Northern Cheyenne Indians. Senate Report No.
78, 46th Cong. 1st Sess., 1880.
Treaties With Several Tribes. American State Papers, Indian Affairs, Vol. 2, 19th Cong., 1st Sess., No. 226, 1826.
Fort Laramie Treaty with Sioux, Cheyenne & Arapaho, Sep. 17, 1851
Fort Wise Treaty with Cheyenne & Arapaho, Feb. 15, 1861
Little Arkansas Treaty with Cheyenne & Arapaho, Oct. 14, 1865; (includes provision for reparations to victims of Sand Creek Massacre)
Medicine Lodge Treaty with Cheyenne & Arapaho, Oct. 28, 1867
Fort Laramie Treaty with Cheyenne & Arapaho, May 10, 1868
Photocopies of original transcripts
Transcribed text copy (NOTE! Some typographical errors exist!)
|Sand Creek also
Colorado Magazine & Denver Westerners Roundup
articles are archived at the Denver Library
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